This year marks the 150th anniversary of the completion of America’s first transcontinental railroad. Between 1863 and 1869, two companies built a rail line across the United States. Union Pacific, starting from Council Bluffs, Iowa, built west, laying more than a thousand miles of rail; Central Pacific, starting from Sacramento, California, built east, laying nearly… MORE
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Modern or Western Civilization is a historical field that is always at odds with itself: What is modern? Where do you start? What is the “Western” civilization and is it superior to the “Eastern”? Who are we including and why? Who are we disregarding and why? How are the events studied linked together? Do they… MORE
On June 16, 1774, James Cook became the first European to catch sight of a tiny coral island in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. Navigators from Samoa and Tonga had settled Niue, as the island is known today, as early as 900 CE. Cook attempted to land in Niue no fewer than three times,… MORE
Instead, we focus on two trans-Pacific trade routes in the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries: the galleon trade between Manila and Acapulco and maritime fur trade between the Pacific Northwest and China. These trade routes moved goods, but also peoples, cultures, and ideas across and throughout the Pacific.