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  1. Wood, Amy L. Lynching and Spectacle: Witnessing Racial Violence in America, 1890-1940. (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009): 376.
  2. Coward, John M. Indians Illustrated: The Image of Native Americans in the Pictorial Press. (United States: University of Illinois Press, 2016) : 109.
  3. “Seth Kinman,” San Francisco Examiner. October 14, 1885.
  4. For an example of another Kinman CDV, see Brady’s National Photographic Gallery, “Seth Kinman, California hunter and trapper, who presented President Lincoln with the Elk-Horn Chair,” 1864, Liljenquist Family Collection, Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2017659640/
  5. Nicole Berkin,“Cartomania and the Scriptive Album” in Schweitzer, Performing Objects and Theatrical Things. (United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014)
  6. Lloyd Ostendorf, “Lincoln and the Grizzly Hunter,” Dayton Daily News, February 8th, 1970, Newspapers.com. Ostendorf, who wrote five books about Lincoln, claims that CDVs of Kinman’s 1864 visit to Washington D.C. are most likely to be found “in the old picture albums.”
  7. Nicole Berkin,“Cartomania and the Scriptive Album” in Schweitzer, Performing Objects and Theatrical Things. (United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014)
  8. Lloyd Ostendorf, “Lincoln and the Grizzly Hunter,” Dayton Daily News, February 8th, 1970.
  9. “Presentation of a Chair to President Lincoln”, Washington Star, January 19th, 1865; Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection,“Seth Kinman,” Allen County Public Library, Fort Wayne, Indiana, digitized at https://www.lincolncollection.org/search/results/item/?q=seth+kinman&item=37315
  10. “Seth Kinman, the Pacific Coast Nimrod Who gives Chairs to Presidents,” New York Times, December 9th, 1865, https://www.nytimes.com/1885/12/09/archives/seth-kinman-the-pacific-coast-nimrod-who-gives-chairs-to-presidents.html. Issues of the Petaluma Argus and other national newspapers also refer to Kinman by this moniker.
  11. Andrea L. Volpe, “the Cartes de Visite Craze,” New York Times, August 6th, 2013, https://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/08/06/the-cartes-de-visite-craze/
  12. The Liberator, December 2nd, 1864, newspapers.com
  13. Benjamin Madley, An American Genocide: The United States and the California Indian Catastrophe, 1846-1873, United Kingdom: Yale University Press, 2016, 282-283
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Zahra Hasanain is a 4th year student at UC Berkeley majoring in History with a focus on 19th century U.S. history. In her spare time, she enjoys browsing Wikipedia and baking.