January 17, 2017. The Haitian Revolution to Lewis and Clark
January 19, 2017. The Overland Trails and Mormon Trials
- *The Letters & Journals of Narcissa Whitman, 1836-1847, Excerpts
- *Interactive Map: Forced Migrations of the Mormons
- *Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel website
Guided Reading Questions For the Week:
- How did New France in the American West differ from New Spain? From Comancheria? Think about their differences and similarities economically, socially, militarily, and religiously.
- What role did mixed race people and their families have in forging the West?
- Who is the intended audience for Narcissa Whitmans letters and journals? Why is she keeping this detailed record of her time in Oregon?
- What are the major themes in Narcissa Whitmans writing?
- How does Narcissa understand family? Do these families reflect biological families or are they focused on creating a productive household through fictive kinship?
- Are you sympathetic to Narcissa Whitman?
- Looking at Narcissa’s writing, how does gender come into play?
- Quotes to think about:
“Those who labour in the earth are the chosen people of God, if ever he had a chosen people, whose breasts he has made his peculiar deposit for substantial and genuine virtue.” — Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, 1781, Query XIX
“The story of Toussaint Louverture has been told almost as often as that of Napoleon, but not in connection with the history of the United States although he exercised on their history an influence as decisive as that of any European ruler.” –Henry Adams
Do you agree with Ken Burns’ documentary on Lewis & Clark that they were the first United States citizens to experience the Great Plains or the Rocky Mountains?
Sacajawea led Lewis & Clark thru the wilderness. I’m in the airport searching for an open electrical outlet.
Sherman Alexie (@Sherman_Alexie) September 9, 2014
Want to learn more about Lewis & Clark? Check out these resources:
- Timeline for Lewis & Clark’s expedition
- C.L.R. James, The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution
- Michael Lansing, “Plains Indian Women and Interracial Marriage in the Upper Missouri Trade, 1804-1868,” Western Historical Quarterly, 31 (Winter 2000), 413-433
- Ronda, James P. Finding the West: Explorations with Lewis and Clark.Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2001.
Gilman, Carolyn. Lewis and Clark: Across the Divide. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Books and Missouri Historical Society Press, 2003.
- Sherman Alexie, “What Sacagawea Means to Me,” Time
WEEKLY ASSIGNMENT: Digital Research with the Pioneer Overland Travel Database
This week, our blog post will focus on using digitized databases in primary source research. The Pioneer Overland Travel Database contains information on thousands of emigrants (or pioneers) who traveled West to settle Utah. There are dozens of ways to organize information in this database once you get deeper down into the information beyond names and companies listed on the homepage. After exploring this database, your blog post assignment is to pitch in a paragraph an original research paper you could write analyzing the data on this website (for example, you can make demographic arguments, gender arguments, write biographies, find resource issues, make spatial arguments, company arguments, go through their diaries and letters etc). In your second paragraph, suggest an argument you might make using the data you focused on and 1 primary source that you could use to further substantiate your claims. The point of this exercise, beyond learning more about the Mormon overland migration, is to practice using digitized databases and locating accurate and relevant research sources. If you need a reminder on what constitutes a primary source versus a secondary source, here is my online guide.
A Timeline of Major Mormon History Events
1830: Book of Mormon published
1840: Nauvoo is nearly same size as Chicago (Smith is mayor)
1843 Revelation on Celestial Marriage taught in secret in Nauvoo
1844: Joseph Smith assassination
1847 Mormon migration to Utah begins
1848: Mormons working for John Sutter in California help with discovery of gold/ California gold rush begins, large profits on Mormon Island, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo brings Utah under United States territory
1848 First wave of Chinese immigration begins
1849: State of Deseret proposed
1850 Utah becomes a territory
1852 LDS church authorities publicly acknowledge the doctrine of Plural Marriage outside of the church
1856 Republican vow to fight twin relics of barbarismPolygamy and Slavery
1857-8 President Buchanan sends Federal Troops to Utah to install a non-Mormon governor / Utah War / Mountain Meadow Massacre
1863 Congress passes the Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act
1869 Congress passes Fourteenth Amendment
Transcontinental railroad completed
Susan B. Anthony drafts an amendment on woman suffrage
Mass meeting in Salt Lake City to protest the proposed Cullom Bill
1870 Territory of Utah gives women the vote
1873 Comstock Act forbids distribution by mail of obscene, lewd, or lascivious materials
1875 Page Act forbids importation of Asian women for lewd or immoral purposes
1879 Reynolds vs. United States upholds constitutionality of anti-polygamy legislation
1882 Edmunds Act allows prosecution unlawful cohabitation
Chinese Exclusion Act forbids immigration of Chinese laborers
1887 Edmunds-Tucker Act confiscates LDS church property, outlaws woman suffrage
1890 LDS Church President Wilford Woodruff issues manifesto ending church- sanctioned polygamy
1896 Utah becomes the 45th state. Women suffrage reinstated
Want to learn more about the Overland Trails? Check out these sources!
- USHS article on the Donner Party
- Johnny Faragher and Christine Stansell, Women and Their Families on the Overland Trail to California and Oregon, 1842-1867, Feminist Studies 2:2/3 (1975), 150-166
- Across the Plains in 1844 by Catherine Sager Pringle
- Mary Ann Hafen, Recollections of a Handcart Pioneer of 1860: A Womans Lifeon the Mormon Frontier, Introduction by Donna Toland Smart (Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press, 2004)
- David L. Bigler and Will Bagley, The Mormon Rebellion: Americas First Civil
- War, 1857-1858 (University of Oklahoma Press, 2012)
- Jared Farmer, On Zions Mount: Mormons, Indians, and the American Landscape (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008).